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发动机原理及详解之五

时间:2020-02-15 来源网站:广州汽车网

发动机原理及详解之五

【编者按】 本节我们将对发动机主要部件的名称及功能进行介绍。

Automobile engine: apparatus that converts fuel to mechanical energy to power a car.

Air filter: device that removes impurities from air passing trough it.

PVC hose: vinyl tube

.

Filter hole: cylindrical part forming the opening of the oil container.

Cylinder head cover: removable cover on the upper part of the motor.

Spark plug cable: cable connecting the spark plug to the distributor cap.

Spark plug cover: spark plug cover.

Spark plug: ignition device of an internal combustion engine.

Exhaust manifold: system that collects spent gases.

Dip stick: instrument that measures the level of oil in a motor.

Flywheel: wheel that, while turning, regulates the speed of the engine.

Engine block: set consisting the motor, the clutch and the gearbox.

Exhaust pipe: pipe through which spent gas is expelled.

Oil filter: device that removes impurities from oil passing through it.

Gas line: network of hoses that transports the gas.

Gas pump: device that moves gas from the gas tank to the engine.

Oil drain plug: cylindrical part that is removed to drain oil from the engine.

Radiator hose: treated rubber tube that connects the lines of a combustion engine.

Pulley: small wheel with a grooved rim, bitted with a belt, that turns the cooling fan.

Fan belt: piece of rubber that wraps around the pulleys and turns the cooling fan.

Water pump: device that circulates water through the radiator.

Fan: apparatus that feed in oxygen the engine's combustion.

Alternator: generator that enables current in both directions.

Distributor: case that enables engine's ignition.

Valve spring: mechanism that keeps the valve closed.

【中文注解】

PVC hose: pvc水带

Cylinder head cover: 汽缸盖罩

Exhaust manifold: 排气歧管

Dip stick: 浸量尺

Pulley: 滑轮

【延伸阅读】

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